Bismillahirrahmanirraheem , assalamualaikum peeps :D
Rise and shine people! Ehe. I am soo excited to continue to 'write' again. Last night I tried to opened the internet but somehow the network got some problem so macam tak boleh bukak tetibe (saboo je la). So now, here I am going to post an entry, an entry that I hope could add to your general knowledge; on PLAGIARISM and COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. How far do you guys know about it?
'Ok, so kau nak kata kau ni ada banyak ilmu pasal ni la? :P '
"Eh manadeee! Manade! Ni adalah hasil ilmu yang aku dapat from Law and Society that I learned. Okay? I don't think we covered much about this area so most probably ni cuma sedikit sebanyak yang people patut tahu. Of course, if you ada more infos or important facts that I might left out, you are please, be my guest, to add in the comment box below :D"
Hahah. Again, 'imaginary conversation'. Dunno why I am so obsessed to do that (pa-theeee-ticcccc) - -"
Okay so we, Law students, had came across plagiarism and copyright infirngement under the sub topic : Information and Cmmunication Technology (ICT), yeahhh, inipun ada dalam Law and Soc jugak. Don't ask me why. So before I study deeper about these two, I really cannot give people the real and exact definition of plagiarism , well when you translated it to bahasa malaysia, it is still, memplagiat, doesn't really being helpful :P hihi. And I thought that plagiarism and copyright infringement carries the same meanings. Yeah, saya tahu. (Cetek gilaaa ilmu kau) (T_______T---) Actually, it isn't. That's why I put P vs. C.I because they actually have different meanings and these unethical and illegal acts have different causes.
What is PLAGIARISM?
> Using someone else's works without giving proper credits to the author / originator.
>Fail to cite adequately
>Other sources from the Internet it also meant : "The use of another's information, language or writing, when done without giving proper acknowledgement of the original sources." However the critical elements of its final part is the one thing that ties plagiarism together is going beyond merely duplicating the work, and taking the materials for your own benefit.
> Generally, it is considered to be much more morally heinous act, as it involves deception (lying to others about the origins of the work).
What is COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT?
>Using someone else's work without getting his or her permission.
>It is the unauthorised or prohibited use of works under copyright, infringing the copyright's holder's exclusive rights; such as the rights to reproduce or perform the copyrighted work. ( show one of the copyright's holder's rights. )
>Protected under Copyright (Ammendment ) Act 1987
>Other definition: "Occurs when someone other than the copyright holder copies the "expression" of a work. i.e. There are many movies about pirates but only one The Pirates of The Carribean.
>This can also occur even if someone does not copy a work exactly. i.e most easily apparent in music and art. C.I occurs if the infringing work is "substantially" (a lot) similar to the copyrighted work.
>C.I occurs when the copyright owner's rights ARE VIOLATED.
What is the COPYRIGHT HOLDER'S RIGHTS?
1) Right to Reproduce Works
- Only the copyright's holder (CH) has the right to reproduce, duplicate or transcript the work in any fixed form.
2) Right to Derivative Work
- Only the CH has the right to modify the work to create a new work.
-i.e Someone wrote a screenplay on his favourite John Grisham book or then he sold or distributed the screenplay. This is considered as C.I
3) Right to Distribution
- Only the CH has the right to distribute work to public by sale, rental, lease or lending.
4) The Public Display Right
- Only the CH has the right to show a copy of the work directly to the public by hanging up a copy of the work in public places, websites, films, etc.
- C.I occurs when someone offers a work of public display WITHOUT asking for the CH's permission and pay certain amount to do public display.
5) The Public Performance Right
- Only the CH has the right to recite, play, dance, act or show the work at a public place or transmit it to the public.
Pahe dok? Takpe2, meh sini kita bagi contoh.
Ok, so plagiarism ni kita boleh ambik contoh ni:
"Saya ni minat gila dengan blog kawan baik saya, Aimisya. Mana taknya, blog dia tu semua bagi nasihat yang sangat berguna. Siap ada ayat2 Quran dan Hadis. Huih terbaikklah. Disebabkan saya minat gila dan saya pun ada blog saya sendiri, saya nak la curi beberapa ayat2 best dia. Jadi saya ambik beberapa potongan ayat2 yang best2, saya postkan sebagai entry saya. TANPA memberi credit kepada Aimisya. Buat2, kononnya ayat2 tu memang original saya punya."
This act is absolutely wrong! Although Aimisya doesn't say 'don't take without permission', this act is considered as unethical because "..it involves deception (lying to others about the origins of the work)." and "..going beyond merely duplicating the work, and taking the materials for your own benefit." So, if you want to copy anyone's materials, GIVE CREDITS or TELL WHICH SOURCE that you obtained the materials or infos from.
Copyright Infringement boleh ambik contoh ni:
"Saya ni penyanyi. Saya minta gila dengan lagu Taylor Swift, The Story of Us. Saya nak jadikan lagu tu lagu saya. So saya ubah beberapa words from the lyrics tu then jadikan lyric lagu saya yang bertajuk : The Story of You and I. Lagu tu dah ada dipasaran, dan dapat sambutan yang menggalakkan! Lepas ni, saya nak curicuri sket lyric lagu We'll Be A Dream by We The Kings ft Demi Lovato sebab saya pun suka lagu tu. Saya nak tukar tajuk lagu je lah, jadi You and I Is A Dream."
This is definitely wrong! In fact, if you get caught doing this or violate other CH's rights as stated above, you will be subjected to sanction. You can go to JAIL! So these acts are only permissible if 'saya' got permission from the CH's holder, and of course pay some fees to reproduce the work.
Haa, pahe dok? hihi senang je benda ni. So sometimes we are unaware of these things. Actually P and CI occurs everywhere, and lots of people simply don't have deep knowledge about this and thet keep doing the same mistakes. I think I have babbled enough. Masih kurang jelas? Comment ok :D